Thursday, August 27, 2015

Meet Susanna: An American Girl of Plymouth Colony 1627

Meet Susanna: An American Girl of Plymouth Colony 1627

Good morrow! I be here in Plymouth in the New World in 1627. 'Tis 7 years since the Mayflower sailed here. My family came to the New World just 3 years ago. I have but 9 years and can hardly remember our old home.

In the morn, when the cock crows, I rise and dress myself. While Mam prepares to break our fast, I roll up my sleeping pallet and place it in the corner. Then I turn up the bedding on my father's bed.

I help my mother sweep the hearth. Now we can prepare the daily meals. My mother prepares the fire to make dinner. First, to break our fast on bread and cheese.

For dinner we prepare a pottage of samp (cornmeal) and milk and mackerel. There are many many ways to prepare fish. 
I help Mam make bread for dinner. Mam beats the samp in a mortar and I and sift the flower out of it. This is called homminey. I put in a Pot of two or three Gallons, with Water, and boyled it upon a gentle Fire till it be like Hasty Pudden. Mam mixed Flower with it, cast it into a deep Bason.
 We formed the loaf, turned it out upon the Peel and carried to the oven.
Now I must see to the garden. We grow many hearbes to make a sallat: lettuce, carrots, spinach, endive, chicory, cabbage, Cowcumbers, onyons, parsley, sage, thyme, rosemary and mint.
I pick some onyons then water the garden before I return indoors.
Now I prepare some tooth powder from marigolds and prepare some medicine. 

After dinner, I am allowed to visit with my friends. 
I stop at the home of my friend Mary Oldham. 
What news! Mary's father is about to be banished from the Colony! He hath been accused of trying to overthrow the colony! He hath spoken badly about our leaders, preferring instead to follow the ways of Rev. John Lyford, a rogue who practices in the manner of the Church of England. 

Mary polishes her father's armor to prepare for his banishment.

Mem prepares Calendula (pot marigold) for cooking. 

Goodman Brewster explains why Mary's father, John Oldham, is to be banished. Goodman Brewster is Ruling Elder, a layman responsible for the government of the congregation since Pastor Robinson is not here. He preaches and teaches. 'Tis God who decides before birth who will rise to heaven; we do not hold with Saints' days,  hymns, the recitations of the Lord's Prayer and creeds. We celebrate only 2 sacraments: baptism and the Lord's Supper. Lyford favors Church of England and is an opportunist. He broke the law of the colony. He was argumentative and tried to turn some men against Goodman Brewster and our church. 

This be our meetinghouse/fort. 
From the top of the fort, we can see the entire village and the Bay. 
I walk down the back path and find a cool spot to bide awhile.
'Tis quite hot today, but I am not hot in my clothing. I wear a linen smock under my waistcoast and petticoat. The linen absorbs my perspiration and keeps me cool. Even so, I think I shall bide here awhile under the shade of the tree.

Mem will join us in a moment and mayhap others as well. Goody Sprague hath promised to teach me to sing a catch. It goes like this: "Hey Ho/Nobody's Home/Meat nor drink nor money have I none/Yet will I be merry." We sing for quite a sum of time. Shh do not tell the Governor we are singing a drinking song or he will fine Goodman Sprague a sum he can ill afford to pay. As the sun sinks lower in the sky, I must return home for supper. Fare thee well. God Bye to you!

Monday, August 24, 2015

A Postcard From the Early 1900s

A Postcard From the early 1900s: A Special Guest Post

While visiting Samantha's time period, I received a postcard from her friend Ruth. Ruth is in Newport, Rhode Island visiting her parents and their wealthy friends. 

Ruth sent a postcard of Ochre Court, home of Mr. Robert Goelet. It was built for his parents, the late Ogden and Mary Wilson Goelet. The postcard shows the home from the Cliff Walk.

Samantha would like to share Ruth's letter to her with you. (or she would if she knew what the Internet was)

"My dearest Samantha,
How are you? I am fine. I am in Newport with Mama and Papa. Today we stopped to call on Mrs. Goelet who is in town for a brief time before returning to Europe. Her son Robert lives here now. He gave us a tour of the house. 
A portrait of Mr. Robert Goelet's father, Mr. Ogden Goelet.

The house was designed by Richard Morris Hunt, architect to rich and famous. It is very grand! Almost as grand as The Breakers, home of the Cornelius Vanderbilts. Ochre Court centers around the great hall. 

The Great Hall is decorated with things the Goelets brought back from Europe. On this floor there is a dining room which seats 200! It has gilded columns and a view of the ocean. 

Ochre Court has a grand view of the ocean

The dining room seats 200 people

There is also a drawing room, library, ballroom, conservatory, an office, breakfast room and the pantry.
The upper floors consist of bedrooms, boudoirs, a billiard room, master suites, baths, servant's rooms and sitting rooms. We were not allowed up there as only Mr. Robert Goelet is in residence most of the time. 

Mrs. Goelet used to throw grand balls here for thousands of people. Mama remembers how the ballroom glittered and shone when she danced all night during her debut Season. 

While Mama visited with Mrs. Goelet, I strolled along the Cliff Walk.
I stroll along the lawn at Ochre Court down to the Cliff Walk
Up the steps...

 I walked all the way to the Breakers. You can see why they call it that with the waves breaking on the rocks below. It is a beautiful view though.

The Breakers 

 I stopped at the beach to admire the waves before heading back.

I will see you soon. Your friend, as ever, Ruth Adams. "

If you want to know more about Ochre Court, which in your time is owned by Salve Regina University, you may read about it here. Mr. Robert Goelet's obituary tells you all about him. 

Tuesday, August 18, 2015

George Washington Visits Providence

George Washington Visits Providence

It's August 1790 and George Washington has come to Providence to recognize that we have (finally) ratified the Constitution, becoming the 13th state. Huzzah! (hoo-zay) He visited with local notables such as John Brown and toured Providence. This is what Providence looks like. He stayed at Rhode Island College, which you in your time know as Brown University. The students were so eager to welcome him, they placed candles in the windows of University Hall. Washington said he never went out at night but he was readying for bed when Rev. Manning, the College President, told him about the illumination. Mr. Washington had to go out and see it. He was very pleased by the warm welcome. The townspeople of Providence gather at John Brown's fine mansion on the top of the hill to welcome the President.
John Brown and son 
John Brown and Son

While we wait for Mr. Washington to arrive, we mingle on the lawn of John Brown's mansion.
I met a lady who wore a gown that would match my hat. I told her so and she liked how I updated my gown by adding a sash. She did the same thing! She said "One can not forever be buying new clothes." "No indeed!" said my guardian. "Especially when one is a growing child. She has growth pleats in her skirt to let out as she grows." Of course I had to wear my very best gown to greet the President, even if it is a trifle out of date. (Felicity let me keep the dress. It looks better on me than on her).

Miss Estelle was strolling along selling flowers. She said my gown was very charming. Her flowers looked like the flowers on my gown.

 I met several other kind townspeople who were very interested in me. Some ladies promised to call on me [visit my blog].

President Washington was welcomed by a delegation.
They speechified for some time, encouraging the education of our young people. By young people they mean BOYS!
John Brown Welcomes President Washington
Rev. Manning, President of Rhode Island College

They speechified for some time, talking about the education of our young people. By young people, they mean young men, of course.

We had a toast to Washington and then he began to tell us of his life.

He did not mention his early years but he started his career at the age of one and twenty in the militia. He quit after the Seven Years' War because he fell in love with the lovely widow Martha Dandridge Custis. She became Mrs. Washington!

The Washington wedding was a grand affair. They celebrated all night. George and Martha danced the minuet together. This young lass volunteered to dance with Mr. Washington! I already know how to dance the minuet. It goes like this:

First make your Virginia courtesy, which you in your time have shortened to curtsy. (Dearest Felicity, you need not sink so low in your courtesy. 'Tis just a slight bob. Methinks you can learn this easily). The gentleman bows. (The gentleman always puts his best foot forward. If he has not shapely calves, he may purchase a carved wooden piece to wear over his leg).
Then it goes like this in a square: (can you see the slideshow?)

After the Washingtons married they set up housekeeping at Mount Vernon together. Mr. Washington changed his crops after much research. He diversified so he could make more money and it was easier on the slaves.

They were married only six short years before the King in England visited his counting house and discovered the counting house was empty! The King spent all his money fighting the French. The King sent troops to stay in America in our homes. Those troops did not have much to do so they took other jobs - they took jobs away from good Americans! Many Americans were unhappy about that. The King decided since the war was fought mainly in North America, he would tax the colonists to replenish his treasury. He taxed things that were never taxed before: £10 was placed on attorney licenses and other taxes on land, playing cards, dice, newspapers, pamphlets, diplomas, etc.

The people of Boston town protested in the streets and that led to what Sam Adams called (he is always putting a colorful spin on things), "The Boston Massacre." Then the King taxed tea (which one could only buy from the East India Company at whatever rate they charged). The Americans boycotted British goods. There were protests up and down the east coast - the largest was in Boston.

Do you know what happened on the 18th of April in 1775? I know and I was not alive yet. 'You in your time always seem to know about Paul Revere," says Mr. Washington. "Did you know Mr. Revere was captured? William Dawes was also captured and only Samuel Prescott made it to Concord.

Then the colonists met in Philadelphia at the Philadelphia Congress. Mr. Washington said, "This is critical for understanding your history. We came together as 13 separate countries. (My country is Virginia, yours is Rhode Island. What really happened at that First Continental Congress is we came together as Americans for the first time."

George Washington was appointed General and Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army. General Washington was terrified. He promised his Martha he would be home by Christmas Eve. He didn't say which Christmas Eve! He finally walked in the door at Mount Vernon on Christmas Eve eight years and a half later. Mr. Washington said one of the successes of the Revolution was "we created a better life for most - but not all - the inhabitants of this land."

Washington talked about slavery. When he first inherited slaves at the age of 11, he did not refine too much upon it. His slave was nothing more than property, however, he has thought on this a long time and "a man of 50 can no longer wear the same clothes he did at 15." He saw men of color fight alongside white troops and die the same death. He now feels slavery is an abomination. He can not free Martha's slaves, they do not belong to him. He has decided not to free his own slaves because many married Martha's slaves and had families. (He did not say why he did not ask the slaves what they wanted). He has made provisions to free his slaves after Mrs. Washington's death.

You know the rest of the story! (Or you can read about it in history books).

Washington answered some questions from the townspeople. Here are some things you may not know. His favorite color is green! He's a farmer so he likes green because green means things are growing. His favorite occupation? Farmer.  His teeth are not made of wood. He started to lose his teeth at one-and-twenty. He has a dentist who made dentures for him. They are all made out of animal teeth and have a space for his one remaining natural tooth. I heard tell they fit his mouth ill and he had difficulty speaking, but today he spoke just fine.

 He left us with some excellent advice and parting words. [Washington's Farewell Address].
He also adjured us to follow his rules of civility

I purchased a miniature of President Washington as a souvenir.


Then Mr. Brown invited us inside to see his fine portraits of President and Mrs. Washington, lately done in Philadelphia.

We were also invited to partake of the electricity machine, for fun!

You may call on Mr. Washington at this portal.